15 Fascinating Facts About Alabama

Were you aware that the first functional windshield wipers were invented in Alabama in 1903?

Unofficially referred to as the “Yellowhammer State,” the “Cotton State,” and the “Heart of Dixie,” Alabama became the 22nd state to join the USA on December 14, 1819.

It has a population of 4.8 million individuals, making it the 24th most populous state.

Alabama shares borders with Florida, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Georgia; it covers a total of 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km2) of land and water, making it the 30th largest state.

But enough of the hard facts, let’s dive into some intriguing facts about Alabama!

Alabama was once covered in grassland.

When the first Europeans arrived in Alabama, it looked vastly different from its current state.

Once the early settlers arrived, they cleared the trees and burned off the grass to transform it into farmland.

Originally, more than half of the state was covered in grasslands, wetlands, and open grassy woodlands.

Unfortunately, only about 1% of the prairie land remains today.

It was in Alabama that Rosa Parks sparked a civil rights movement by refusing to give up her seat to a white man.

Known as the “Mother of civil rights movements,” Rosa Parks played a crucial role in American history.

At a time when public buses were still segregated into zones for white or colored people, Rosa stood up for her rights.

On December 1, 1955, Rosa declined to give up her seat in the colored area to a white man when the white zone’s seats were full.

Despite being legally allowed to occupy her seat, she was arrested for civil disobedience.

While this may not have been the first instance of this happening, Rosa was able to challenge the court.

Rosa’s defiance became a symbol for the civil rights movement, and she went on to accomplish many great things throughout her life.

The first Europeans to discover Alabama were Spaniards, but it was settled by the French.

A Spanish expedition led by the Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto first passed through parts of Alabama in the 16th century.

Hernando was not interested in establishing any settlements – he was seeking gold and a passage through to the Pacific coast.

It wasn’t until 1702, over 160 years later, that the first European settlement was established in Alabama.

The first settlement was called Old Mobile and had a population of 350 inhabitants at its peak.

Old Mobile was eventually relocated just 9 years later due to various issues, including severe flooding.

Alabama is home to the world’s largest cast-iron statue.

In 1904, the city of Birmingham, Alabama, built a 56-foot (17 m) statue of the Roman god of fire and forge, Vulcan.

Once completed, the statue was shipped to St. Louis as Birmingham’s entry into the 1904 World’s Fair.

The statue demonstrated the manufacturing capabilities of the Birmingham area, which was deemed extraordinary as the statue was awarded a “grand prize.”

The Vulcan statue, weighing 120,000 pounds and equivalent to 10 elephants, can be found at the Vulcan Park and Museum in Alabama. Cahaba, the state’s first permanent capital, is now a ghost town due to frequent floods. The Wright Brothers opened the first US civil aviation school in Alabama and are known for being pioneers of flying. Alabama is nicknamed “The Yellowhammer State,” not because of its state bird, but because of a uniform worn by soldiers during the Civil War. The Alabama Booksmith is a unique bookstore that only sells signed copies and is located in Birmingham. The first successful heart surgery on a live patient was performed by Dr. Luther Leonidas Hill Jr in Montgomery, Alabama. According to the Pew Research Center, Alabama is the most religious state in the US, with 86% of residents being Christian.

It is interesting to note that only 51% of people in Alabama attend church weekly, but 73% pray daily. It is not surprising that 50% of adults in Alabama seek guidance from the Bible when it comes to ethical questions. Alabama is famous for many things, including being the birthplace of the first operational windshield wipers, invented by Mary Anderson in 1903. Montgomery, Alabama was also the capital of the Confederate States of America, which seceded from the United States in 1861, along with six other states that relied heavily on African American slaves. Alabama is also home to the first submarine to sink an enemy ship, created by the Confederates during the Civil War. One of Alabama’s most famous landmarks is the Talladega Superspeedway, which has the longest NASCAR oval in the USA, if not the world. Last but not least, there is a Sweet Home in Alabama, built-in 1906 by a man named H.W. Sweet for $10,000, which would be equivalent to $266,000 today.

Exploring the Rich History and Varied Geography of Alabama

Alabama is a captivating place, boasting a diverse geography and a history that spans centuries.

From its days as part of the confederation to its crucial role in the civil rights movement for African Americans, the state has a complex and fascinating past.

These are just a few of the many interesting facts about Alabama – there is so much more to discover!


1. What is the state flower of Alabama?

The state flower of Alabama is the camellia. This beautiful flower comes in shades of pink and white and blooms in February and March.

2. What is the state bird of Alabama?

The state bird of Alabama is the northern flicker. This medium-sized woodpecker has a distinctive black and white spotted pattern on its back and a red patch on its head.

3. What is the largest city in Alabama?

The largest city in Alabama is Birmingham, which has a population of over 200,000 people. It is also the cultural and economic center of the state.

4. What is the state tree of Alabama?

The state tree of Alabama is the longleaf pine. This species of pine can grow up to 100 feet tall and is known for its long, flexible needles.

5. What is the highest point in Alabama?

The highest point in Alabama is Cheaha Mountain, which stands at 2,413 feet above sea level. It is located in the Talladega National Forest.

6. What is the state nickname of Alabama?

The state nickname of Alabama is the “Yellowhammer State.” This nickname comes from the state bird, the northern flicker, which is also known as the yellowhammer.

7. What is the largest college in Alabama?

The largest college in Alabama is the University of Alabama, which has a student population of over 38,000. It is located in Tuscaloosa and is known for its football program.

8. What is the state fish of Alabama?

The state fish of Alabama is the largemouth bass. This popular game fish can be found in many of Alabama’s lakes and rivers.

9. What is the state motto of Alabama?

The state motto of Alabama is “Audemus jura nostra defendere,” which translates to “We dare defend our rights.” This motto was adopted in 1923 and appears on the state seal.

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