15 Fascinating Facts About Ohio

Were you aware that a couple in Ohio once sent their child to their grandparents via the US Postal Service?

Ohio, also known as the Buckeye State, the Birthplace of Aviation, and the Heart of it all, was the 17th state to join the United States of America on March 1, 1803.

As of 2019, it has a population of 11,689,100 people, making it the 7th most populous state. Ohio is bordered by Kentucky, Indiana, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Michigan.

With a total area of 44,825 square miles (116,096 square kilometers) of land and water, it is the 34th largest state.

The capital city of Ohio is Columbus, which is located in the center of the state.

But let’s move on to some more interesting facts about the Buckeye State!

Ohio has been inhabited for at least 13,000 years!

The Paleo-Indians were the first group to populate the Americas, and they arrived in North America from the far east of modern-day Russia into the westernmost tip of Alaska via the Bering Strait between 15-13,000 BC.

These early explorers were hunter-gatherers, and all we know of their existence comes from the archaeological evidence we dig up today.

The earliest evidence of human existence in what is now Ohio comes from spear tips that date back to 13,000 BC.

The original Native American tribes of Ohio were removed from the state long before white people arrived.

Until the mid-1600s, Ohio had been continuously inhabited by successive groups of people sharing the same cultures, including the Fort Ancient and Erie people.

Unfortunately, many of these tribes were soon wiped out or pushed out of the region by the Iroquois Confederacy, a neighboring confederacy of tribes from the modern-day New York Region.

Their conquest was a direct result of the newly formed fur trade between the eastern tribes and the recently arrived European settlers.

By the 1700s, the Iroquois had moved on, allowing the tribes from neighboring regions, Shawnee, Miami, and Wyandot, to repopulate the area.

The first European settlers in Ohio were French.

Robert La Salle, the famous French explorer and fur trader, explored northeastern Ohio as early as 1669.

In 1663, France claimed the land as part of the Province of New France, but it did little to stake its claim. Instead, it established several trading posts and built a few forts to protect them.

Ohio changed hands before becoming part of the United States of America.

France’s rule over Ohio came to an end when they were defeated by England in the French and Indian War. In 1763, the land was handed over to the English, who declared it reserved for Native Americans, prohibiting colonists from settling in the area. During the American Revolution, Virginia claimed a large region, including modern-day Ohio, which they named Illinois county, Virginia. After the United States won the revolution, Virginia ceded their claims to the region and gave them to the United States in 1782. Ohio was incorporated into the Northwest Territories and became a state on February 19, 1803.

Ohio and Michigan once went to war over a vague land survey from 1787, which led both states to claim a strip of land separating them. The conflict was known as the Toledo War and ended with the Federal government intervening and Michigan giving up its claims to the Toledo strip in exchange for a larger piece of territory in the Upper Peninsula.

Ohio’s population rapidly grew in the 1900s, making it the third most populated state by the time the American Civil War broke out in 1861. Ohio joined the Union side and contributed 320,000 men to the war effort, the highest per capita of all the Union states. Fortunately, there were no major conflicts fought within the state.

Ohio’s state motto is “With God, All Things Are Possible,” which the ACLU sued over in 1997, claiming it went against the US Constitution’s First Amendment. However, the claim was rejected due to a technicality as Ohio’s motto doesn’t specify which god makes all things possible.

Ohio is known for producing seven Ohio-born presidents, ranking second on the list of states that have produced the most US presidents. Despite not giving birth to most US presidents, Ohioans still refer to themselves as the “Mother of Presidents.”

Ohio has been home to eight US presidents, seven of whom were born in the state – Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield, Benjamin Harrison, William McKinley, William Howard Taft, and Warren G. Harding. Although William Henry Harrison was not born in Ohio, he moved there after the American War in 1812 to add legitimacy to his Ohio roots. Ohio’s state flag is unique as it is not rectangular like other state flags. It is technically referred to as a pennant, but it is commonly compared to the shape of a swallow. The flag was designed by John Eisenmann in 1902, who was inspired by swallow-shaped military flags carried by the cavalry. A fire has been burning in an Ohio coal mine since 1884 when miners set the mine ablaze after going on strike due to unfair working conditions. The mine is still on fire today and has burned 13 out of 30 square miles so far. The USPS introduced parcel shipping, and the first known case of a child being shipped across the country came from Ohio, where an eight-month-old infant was sent to his grandmother’s house a few miles away. Thomas Edison, one of the greatest inventors to ever come out of the US, was born in Ohio. He invented, among many other things, the world’s first fully functioning incandescent light bulb, the electric power generator, the motion picture camera, and the phonograph. Ohio is also the birthplace of aviation, thanks to Wilbur and Orville Wright, commonly known as the Wright Brothers, who brought humanity into a new era of flight.

Wilbur and Orville Wright, who are known for developing the world’s first successful motor-operated airplane, were born in Indiana and Ohio, respectively. Although they moved around quite a bit during their childhood, they returned to Dayton, Ohio in 1884 to begin their flight experiments. While North Carolina claimed to be “first in flight” because the brothers completed their tests there, Ohio is considered the birthplace of aviation.

Cincinnati Red Stockings, Ohio’s own baseball team, was the first professional baseball team in the US and the world. The team was formed in 1866, and by 1869, the entire team was on salaries, making them the first professional team.

Wendy’s, a global fast-food chain, was first opened in Columbus, Ohio by Dave Thomas in 1969. The company expanded quickly and now has restaurants worldwide.

Ohio has produced some of the US’ greatest thinkers and politicians, making it more than just an agricultural powerhouse. Additionally, the state boasts a fascinating history and lively people.

FAQ

1. What is Ohio known for?

Ohio is known for many things, including being the birthplace of seven U.S. Presidents, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, and the Wright Brothers. It is also known for its production of steel, rubber, and automobiles.

2. What is the state flower of Ohio?

The state flower of Ohio is the scarlet carnation. It was chosen as the state flower in 1904 because it was a favorite of William McKinley, a former Ohio governor and U.S. President.

3. What is the largest city in Ohio?

The largest city in Ohio is Columbus, with a population of over 880,000 people. It is also the state capital.

4. What is the Ohio State University known for?

The Ohio State University is known for its football program, which is one of the most successful in college football history. The university is also known for its research programs in fields such as agriculture, medicine, and engineering.

5. What is the Cuyahoga River known for?

The Cuyahoga River is known for being the river that caught fire in 1969 due to pollution. This event helped to bring about the Clean Water Act and the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency.

6. What is the Ohio State Reformatory?

The Ohio State Reformatory is a former prison that is now a museum. It is known for being the filming location for the movie “The Shawshank Redemption.”

7. What is the Toledo Museum of Art?

The Toledo Museum of Art is a world-renowned art museum that is known for its collection of glass art, including pieces by Dale Chihuly.

8. What is the Ohio River?

The Ohio River is a major river that runs through six U.S. states, including Ohio. It is known for being a major transportation route in the early days of the United States, as well as for its role in the Civil War.

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