20 Fascinating Facts About England You Need to Know

London, England is home to the world’s largest library, which contains more than 160 million books and manuscripts.

England, a small European country, is known for its rolling green hills and non-stop rain. But it’s also home to some of the oldest artifacts in the world.

Many influential and famous people have called England home, and some of the most well-known historical structures are located there. Check out these 20 fascinating facts about England:

England is a Part of the United Kingdom

In 1707, England joined forces with Scotland to create the United Kingdom. The goal was to form a stronger alliance between the two kingdoms. Later, in 1801, Ireland and Wales also joined the alliance.

England is Among the 20 Largest Countries in Europe

England is situated as part of the British Isles in Europe. The largest landmass in England is 50,346 square miles (130,395 square kilometers), making it the 16th largest European country. Collectively, the United Kingdom is Europe’s 12th largest land area.

England Boasts One of the Strangest Sports in the World

Cheese rolling is a sport where people chase a round of cheese down a hill. It’s a bizarre event that takes place in Gloucester during the spring and attracts visitors from all over the world. The event is said to have originated from Pagan customs in the 15th century.

England is Home to Over 1,500 Castles

England is home to over 1,500 castles, ranging from ruins to fully livable castles. Castles were built as fortified structures to protect the royal family or people of importance. Many have been destroyed over time due to weather and war, and it’s unknown how many remain today. Wales, England’s neighboring country, has the most castles in the world.

The Anglo-Saxons Were England’s First Settlers

Although England has been inhabited for over 800,000 years, the Anglo-Saxons were the first settlers to be called English. After the Romans left England in the 5th century AD, Germanic tribes from Southern Denmark and Northern Germany began migrating to England.

The English Flag is Called the Saint George’s Cross

The Union Jack is often mistaken as England’s flag, but it’s actually the flag that represents the entire United Kingdom. The official flag of England is called the Saint George’s Cross, which features a white background with a red cross. It has been associated with Saint George, the military saint, since the late Middle Ages.

The World Wide Web was Invented in England

English computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee is the creator of the World Wide Web.

The World Wide Web was initially created in 1989 to facilitate communication among scientists at universities. This is often confused with the invention of the internet by an American scientist. Stonehenge, a historical monument in England consisting of stones placed in a circle, is older than Machu Picchu and is believed to have been there since 3,000-2,000 BC. The British Library, located in London, is one of the largest book collections in the world with over 160 million items, including some over 3,000 years old. The Poison Garden in Alnwick Castle, England, contains around 100 dangerous and poisonous plants and is a popular tourist attraction. Although England and France may not share the same culture and language, they are only separated by 21 miles (34 kilometers) of ocean, making France the closest EU country to England. Scafell Pike is the highest point in England, located in the Lake District National Park, at 3208 feet (978 meters). Being a small island, you are never too far from the sea in England. The furthest point from any coastline in England is the village of Coton in the Elms in Derbyshire, located 70 miles (112 kilometers) away. Witches still exist in England, despite past persecutions.

The Wicca religion, which is also known as Pagan Witchcraft, originated in England at the start of the 20th century. Although there were variations of this religion for hundreds of years, it was introduced to the general public by Gerald Gardner in 1954 and has since become a popular religion in England. Many followers of this religion refer to themselves as witches due to the rituals and spiritual connections made during religious practices. The 2011 census showed that there were over 50,000 people who identified as Pagan and over 11,000 Wiccans in England.

In Exmouth’s rolling hills, there is a house that is entirely decorated with shells. The building, called A La Ronde, was inspired by 6th-century architecture and buildings that its owner, Jane Parminter, encountered on her travels. Upon completing the building, she designed the interior to be decorated from floor to ceiling using only the shells she had collected on her travels. Robin Hood is a legendary character throughout English history, and his name can be found throughout the country. Although it is difficult to trace a singular person being Robin Hood, it is thought that the character was created to represent any heroic person who helped the poor.

During World War II, London was bombed by the Nazi air force, the Luftwaffe, on September 7, 1940. This event was known as The Blitz, which lasted for 57 days and 56 nights until it ceased on May 11, 1941. The bombing campaign caused great destruction in mainland Europe, but London also experienced the same destruction. William Shakespeare, who was a poet, playwright, and actor, was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire, England, on April 26, 1564. He wrote at least 40 plays during his lifetime, including some of the most famous plays, such as Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, and Macbeth.

The national dish of England, surprisingly, is Chicken Tikka Masala, which may be unexpected as many may think of traditional dishes such as fish and chips or something involving potatoes and gravy.

There are many stories about the origin of the curry-style dish, but the most popular one is that a chef from Bangladesh created it in Glasgow in 1970.

According to the story, the chef added a mild tomato sauce to his chicken tikka to make it less spicy and impress a local.

The dish has become a national favorite and is a great example of the country’s ability to embrace other cultures.

Eels used to be a common dish in England.

Although it may seem unappetizing, it is a beloved dish in England.

Jellied eels have been a part of the English diet since the 18th century, particularly in London.

This is because the Thames River was teeming with eels, which were a nutritious source of food.

Traditionally, the eels are chopped, boiled in spices, and then left to cool, resulting in a jellied stock.

To maintain their texture, they are always served cold!

England has always been influenced by other cultures, whether through new settlers or neighboring countries.

This charming little country boasts some of the most historically significant people and stunning architecture.

As it continues to welcome a diverse range of people and cultures from around the world, it will undoubtedly continue to evolve.

FAQ

1. What is the origin of the name “England”?

The name “England” comes from the Old English word “Englaland”, which means “land of the Angles”. The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in England during the 5th and 6th centuries.

2. What is the oldest university in England?

The University of Oxford is the oldest university in England, and the second-oldest university in the world. It was founded in 1096, and has a long and prestigious history, with many famous alumni, including 28 British prime ministers and over 50 Nobel Prize winners.

3. What is the most popular sport in England?

Football (soccer) is by far the most popular sport in England, with millions of fans across the country. The English Premier League is one of the most-watched football leagues in the world, and the England national team has won the FIFA World Cup once, in 1966.

4. What is the significance of the Tower of London?

The Tower of London is a historic castle located in central London. It was built in the 11th century by William the Conqueror, and has served as a royal palace, a prison, and a place of execution. Today, it is a popular tourist attraction, and is home to the Crown Jewels of England.

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