Interesting Information About Chess

A priest created the folding chessboard to play in secret and avoid being caught.

Some individuals are passionate about the game, focusing on strategic moves to checkmate their opponent as quickly as possible.

Others are not interested in it, while some have no idea how to play this well-known board game.

Regardless of your opinion on chess, it has a captivating history and incredible facts to offer.

The Beginning of Chess

Chess is played all around the world, but its origin is believed to be in India during the 6th century.

Historians are uncertain about the origin of chess, but many agree that it is most likely from India.

The game has evolved over time and took almost a thousand years to reach Southern Europe.

By the 15th century, Spain was gradually becoming a fan of the game, and in the 19th century, the rules of the game were standardized as chess tournaments began.

The International Chess Tournament

London was the location of the first international chess tournament in 1851.

Howard Staunton, an English chess master, organized the tournament to bring together the greatest chess players in Europe.

Adolf Anderssen won the tournament, beating 15 other players and becoming the champion throughout the 1850s and 1860s.

Wilhelm Steinitz is a significant name in the world of chess.

He was born in Austria and won the first World Championship in 1886, winning 25 chess matches and losing just two.

At the age of 58, he lost his title to Emanuel Lasker, who became the longest-reigning champion (26 years and 337 days).

Lasker was also a close friend of Albert Einstein, who claimed that he did not have time for chess and did not want to exert his mind after a hard day.

Einstein, however, became a chess enthusiast later in life, but it is unknown whether Lasker influenced his decision.

Nevertheless, he never played a game for as long as Stepak and Mashian did – the pair set the world record after 24 hours and 30 minutes of gameplay in 1980.

Nine years later, Nikolic and Arsovic set the record for the most moves played in a chess game, totaling a stunning 269.

Did You Know…

There are 5,949 possible moves in a chess game, making it highly likely that someone else might surpass the current record in the future.

With 64 squares on a chessboard, it is impossible to imagine more than a few thousand outcomes of a game.

However, after each player makes four moves, there are over 318 billion possible positions.

As chess players know, pawns can move either one or two spaces on their first move, a rule that was introduced by the Spaniards in 1280.

A priest invented a device over a century before the Spanish introduced this rule, which is still used today – the folding chessboard.

In 1125, a priest invented a folding chessboard to avoid getting in trouble for playing chess, which was against the Church’s rules. The chessboard looked like two books on a shelf, and the priest’s secret remained hidden. Chess is considered one of the best ways to improve memory and brain function, alongside puzzles and games like Sudoku. It’s even recommended for Alzheimer’s patients and introduced in schools. Many argue that chess can increase intelligence levels. Over 600 million people worldwide know how to play chess. The oldest discovered chess set was found on the Isle of Lewis in Scotland and was used in the filming of “Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone.” It’s believed to date back to pre-12th Century Scandinavia. Chess is a game enjoyed by people of all ages, as demonstrated by the fact that Oscar Shapiro became a chess master at 74 years old, while Jordy Mont-Reynaud became the youngest ever chess champion at just 10 years old.


1. What is the origin of chess?

Chess is believed to have originated in India, around the 6th century AD. The game was called “Chaturanga” and was played with pieces representing the different divisions of the Indian army. From India, chess spread to Persia and then to the Islamic world, where it was further developed. The game eventually made its way to Europe in the 9th century, where it evolved into the modern version we know today.

2. How many possible moves are there in a game of chess?

There are approximately 10^120 possible moves in a game of chess. This number is so large that it’s practically impossible for a human to comprehend. To put it in perspective, there are estimated to be around 10^80 atoms in the observable universe. This means that the number of possible moves in a game of chess is greater than the number of atoms in the universe by a factor of 10^40.

3. Who holds the record for the longest chess game ever played?

The longest recorded chess game in history was played between Nikolić and Arsović in Belgrade in 1989. The game lasted for 269 moves and ended in a draw after more than 20 hours of play. The game was so long that it had to be adjourned twice and the players were allowed to leave the playing hall overnight.

4. What is the significance of the pawn in chess?

The pawn is the most numerous piece on the chessboard and is often considered the weakest. However, the pawn plays a crucial role in controlling the center of the board and can become a powerful attacking force if it reaches the opposite side of the board. In fact, a pawn that reaches the opponent’s end of the board can be promoted to any other piece, except for a king. This means that a pawn can potentially become a queen, rook, bishop, or knight, which can significantly alter the course of the game.

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