What is Buddhism? Discover 20 Facts to Expand Your Knowledge

Unlike other religions, Buddhists do not believe in a god or gods. They do not worship the Buddha, but instead follow his teachings.

So, what exactly is Buddhism? While you may know it as a religion, there is much more to it than that. Check out these 20 interesting facts to learn more!

The word “Buddha” refers to Buddha Sakyamuni, or the “Sage of Sakya”. Those who practice Buddhism are known as Buddhists.

The religion was founded by Siddhartha Gautam, a Nepalese Prince who left his wealthy family and kingdom at the age of 29 in search of enlightenment and peace.

After meditating under a bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya, Bihar, Siddhartha Gautam achieved enlightenment.

With over 360 million followers worldwide, Buddhism is the fourth largest religion in the world.

The “Three Jewels” of Buddhism are Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha. Buddha refers to Sakyamuni, Dharma refers to his teachings, and Sangha refers to the monastic community who follow his teachings.

Buddhism originated in western Nepal and is widely practiced in China, Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia.

The Pali Canon is a collection of sacred scriptures in the ancient language of Pali and includes various Mahayana Sutras.

Monasteries, or meditation halls, serve as places of worship for Buddhists.

According to Buddhist teachings, nothing in this world is permanent and everything is temporary.

The religion is centered on the three basic teachings of wisdom, concentration, and discipline.

The birthday of Gautam Buddha is a major day of celebration among followers.

The Om Mani Padme Hum mantra is commonly used by Buddhist monks.

Buddhism is divided into three main categories: Theravada, Vajrayana, and Mahayana.

The three delusions according to Buddhism are ignorance, desire, and anger.


1. What is Buddhism?

Buddhism is a religion that originated in ancient India and is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, also known as the Buddha. The central teachings of Buddhism are focused on the Four Noble Truths, which state that suffering exists, suffering arises from craving and attachment, there is a way to end suffering, and the way to end suffering is through the Eightfold Path.

2. How many Buddhists are there in the world?

It is estimated that there are over 500 million Buddhists worldwide, making it the fourth-largest religion in the world. The majority of Buddhists live in Asia, particularly in countries such as China, Thailand, and Myanmar.

3. What are the different branches of Buddhism?

There are three main branches of Buddhism: Theravada, Mahayana, and Vajrayana. Theravada is the oldest and most traditional branch, while Mahayana and Vajrayana developed later and have different beliefs and practices.

4. What are some of the key beliefs of Buddhism?

Some key beliefs of Buddhism include the Four Noble Truths, the Eightfold Path, the concept of impermanence, and the idea of karma and rebirth. Buddhists also believe in the importance of meditation and mindfulness.

5. What is the goal of Buddhism?

The ultimate goal of Buddhism is to achieve enlightenment, which is the state of being free from suffering and ignorance. Buddhists believe that by following the teachings of the Buddha and practicing meditation and mindfulness, they can reach this state of enlightenment.

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